Waste management

waste management

Repository for low and intermediate level waste in the premises of Dukovany NPP

Responsibility for the safe disposal of radioactive waste in the Czech Republic was assumed on the basis of the so-called Atomic Act (Section 26 of Act No. 18/1997 Coll.) by the State and for the relevant activities established a unit called the Radioactive Waste Repository Authority (RAWRA). The RAWRA's mission is to provide the Czech Republic with safe storage of radioactive waste in accordance with the requirements of the protection of mankind and the environment from the adverse impacts of such waste.

The RAWRA is funded from the so-called Nuclear Account maintained by the CNB and from State grants. All originators of radioactive waste make contributions to the Nuclear Account in the amount stipulated by Decree No. 416/2002 Coll. CEZ, for instance, pays CZK 55 per MWh generated in the nuclear power plants.

Each holder of a licence to operate a nuclear facility - in addition to the contributions to the Nuclear Account - also creates a financial reserve for liquidation of this facility in accordance with the Atomic Act. The funds are collected throughout the operation, and one of the duties of the RAWRA is to control such regular "savings".

Radioactive wastes and their storage

In terms of volume, low-level and intermediate-level waste has the largest share of radioactive waste from the operation of Czech nuclear power plants. It loses its radioactivity within several hundred years. The capacity of the radioactive waste repository operated by RAWRA in the premises of the Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant (55,000 m3) is adequate for the operations of both Czech nuclear power plants for the duration of their lifecycle, including liquidation of the end-of-life radioactive equipment. Low and medium activity radioactive waste is further being stored in Richard Mine near Litoměřice. The local repository with a capacity of 8,000 m3 is used to store wastes from the medical, industry and research sectors that use radioactive materials. For storage of wastes with natural radionuclides, the old Bratrství Mine near Jáchymov that has a capacity of 1,200 m3 is used. The capacity of these repositories is sufficient for several decades.

Highly active waste and spent nuclear fuel if not reprocessed - recycled) will be stored in a deep repository. In line with the updated concept of Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel (2014), the selection of a final site is expected in 2025. It is assumed that the repository will be commissioned in 2065. Until then, the highly radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel must be taken care of by its originators.

Details are available here:

http://www.cez.cz/cs/udrzitelny-rozvoj/zivotni-prostredi/programy-snizovani-zateze-zp/sprava-vyhoreleho- | jaderneho-paliva-a-monitoring-je.html