Safety and Quality Management
Safety, quality, and environmental protection constitute a mutually interrelated whole. For this reason, management of these areas within ČEZ is also integrated. CEZ Group’s safety and security stands on three fundamental pillars: management, technology, and people. The principal objectives are:
- nuclear safety,
- radiation protection,
- technical safety,
- fire protection,
- physical security of nuclear materials and nuclear installations,
- occupational safety and health,
- environmental protection.
Safety and Environmental Protection Policy
The ČEZ, a. s. Board of Directors is fully aware of and accepts without reservation its responsibility, under applicable law and the Czech Republic’s international obligations, to ensure the safety of its plants, protect individuals both within the company and members of the general public, protect the environment, and assure quality. To meet this responsibility, ČEZ, a. s. has pledged to put in place and develop commensurate conditions and bring to bear sufficient human and financial resources, effective governance structures, and control mechanisms. Therefore, it has promulgated the Safety and Environmental Protection Policy and the Management Quality Policy.
The Safety and Environmental Protection Policy was passed by the ČEZ, a. s. Board of Directors and issued as an order of the Chief Executive Officer effective from May 1, 2010. It includes the following chapters whose titles correspond to the strategic pillars of the Policy:
- We place protection of human life and health before all other interests.
- We pursue safety and environmental protection as integral parts of management.
- We comply with laws, regulations, and our public obligations, and we take note of recognized practices.
- We continually improve safety and environmental protection.
- We regularly assess risks and either prevent them, eliminate them, or reduce their impact to an acceptable level.
- We ensure that plant and equipment complies, long-term, with all technical, safety, and economic criteria.
- In selecting and evaluating suppliers, we take into account their attitudes toward safety and the environment.
- We communicate openly and effectively on safety-related topics.
- We secure sufficient numbers of highquality, motivated employees and suppliers.
- We manage key knowledge.
Management of occupational safety and environmental protection is treated by internal directives in accordance with legislation and with the utilization of certification systems. All ČEZ conventional, nuclear, and hydro power stations are long-standing holders of ISO 14001 and Safe Enterprise certifications. One half of the subsidiaries subject to the new safety management system are holders of Safe Enterprise and/or OHSAS 18001 certifications, and depending on the character of their business nearly one half (43%) hold ISO 14001 certification.
In September 2010, the ČEZ, a. s. Board of Directors of passed the Quality-of-Management Policy, setting forth the primary principles by which quality is to be perceived by all employees. ČEZ management defines the word “quality” to mean fulfillment of these principles:
- We treat our partners and customers with respect.
- We conduct our planning in accordance with our strategic objectives.
- We standardize and describe our best practices.
- We complete work assignments flawlessly on the first try.
- We perform checks, and respond immediately to shortcomings.
- We take decisions based on knowledge of the matter and verified facts.
- We improve things, and we make changes flexibly and safely.
In order to implement the Quality-of- Management Policy, the management system and all related internal processes must be properly calibrated, assessed, documented and approved. In 2011, we completed and evaluated the Integrated Management System project. CEZ Group helps to meet ever increasing demands concerning the quality of deliveries and the safety and products and services, and creates conditions for effective process-based and line management in all areas. For this reason, we undertook a new task entitled Implement a communications campaign focused on the Quality-of-Management Policy. Processes are modeled to ensure we meet the requirements of our external and internal customers and stakeholders. Here, the PDCA model is applied. CEZ Group organizes workshops for managers focusing on application of the new projects’ objectives, helps to develop modern methods of evaluation such as Selfevaluation and Elimination of Root Causes, and thereby creates conditions for achieving faultfree, reliable deliveries of products and services.
By continually improving the management system and implementing good practices, CEZ Group is engaging in long-term efforts to remove discrepancies and potential weak points. When evaluating the management system, we check the extent to which established goals and requirements (including requirements of the general public) are being met.
CEZ Group supports the management system by correctly formulating its management and work documentation, in particular through the project “Change in the document management system in the production division”, which at the same time is helping ensure that stakeholders always obtain quality documentation.
Safety of nuclear installations must be, and is, our absolute priority. Since the management of ČEZ, a. s. understands this imperative, it systemically builds and applies a safety culture and creates conditions for its ongoing improvement. For this reason, among others, it has embarked on a “Unified Safety” project, within which a new Safety and Environmental Protection Policy and a new Quality-of- Management Policy have been promulgated. This has resulted in changes to process-based safety management and a reorganization of related functions.
The objective of nuclear safety is to prevent an uncontrolled fission chain reaction as well as any unpermitted releases of radioactive substances or ionizing radiation into the environment. The minimum requirements for meeting this objective are given by the Nuclear Act and its implementing regulations, and by international recommendations issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna and other organizations (WANO, WENRA, NEA, etc.).
On October 31, 2011, ČEZ submitted the Final Reports relating to the stress tests carried out on the Czech nuclear power plants. After assessing them, the State Office for Nuclear Safety drafted a National Report, which it submitted to the European Commission. Taken together, the Final Reports on the safety of both Czech nuclear power plants have over 400 pages, and it took tens of ČEZ experts six months to draft them. Specialists from other institutions, such as the Nuclear Research Institute in Řež and the Czech Technical University, were also involved. The assessment confirmed that both plants are resistant and no safety faults requiring immediate action were found. In the analyses, the experts assessed Temelín and Dukovany’s resistance to highly unlikely external influences. For example, they assessed how both plants would deal with earthquakes in excess of design parameters, freezing temperatures of –46 °C lasting an entire month, or extended hot spells with highs of 46 °C. The possibility of flooding was also considered – for example, what would happen if the nearby Vltava River were to rise to levels seen only once in 10,000 years, either due to a catastrophic failure of the Lipno Dam or rainfall exceeding the maximum levels seen over the past 10,000 years.
In the event of a radiation accident at the Temelín Nuclear Power Station, in 2011 CEZ Group once again published a guide intended to protect people living in the plant’s vicinity. The guide contains information and basic instructions to ensure the protection of persons in the Temelín Nuclear Power Station accident planning zone. The guide contains the following information:
- The area that could be potentially endangered by radioactive substances in the event of a radiation accident at Temelín Nuclear Power Station.
- What measures can be taken to protect the populace.
- Iodine prophylaxis.
- Principles of telephone use.
In late 2011, an accident guide with a 2012– 2013 calendar was distributed to residents and organizations within 20 km of Dukovany Nuclear Power Station. People have been receiving calendars from the power plant since 1994. At the back of the current issue there is information on what to do in the event of an extraordinary radiation event. The basic instructions for taking shelter, use of iodine tablets, and evacuation are repeated. The calendar is illustrated with 50 pictures by clients of the World of Colors (Barevný svět) Day Center.